Impacts of Composted Poultry Dung on Nematode Infectivity and Yield of Bell Pepper

Authors

  • E. G. Ekine and C. O. Ezenwaka

Keywords:

Crop performance, Manure, Organic, Pathological impact, Phyto-parasitic

Abstract

Composted animal dung as manure is gaining popularity in Nigeria as farmers seek to enhance soil fertility and crop production. Composted animal manure, such as poultry dung, can enhance crop performance and reduce the need for chemical nematode control, leading to improved crop growth. This study aimed to investigate the effect of composted poultry dung on nematode infectivity and yield of bell pepper. Twenty-one (21) days old bell peppers were exposed to different concentrations of composted poultry dung. Soil and root samples were taken using an improvised soil auger and a sterilized kitchen knife over three months. The study adopted a complete randomized block design with five treatments and five replicates, and phyto-parasites were extracted using the sieve plate procedure and were identified using pictorial keys. Severe infections were recorded in plots that received no composted poultry dung treatment. However, plots treated with composted poultry dung showed relatively fewer symptoms of phyto-parasitic nematodes, which did not significantly affect the performance of the bell pepper. The study concluded that composted poultry dung has the potential to enhance crop strength and reduce the impact of phytopathogens, resulting in improved crop growth and maximum yield. It also suggests that treating soil with poultry dung can contribute to food security.

Author Biography

E. G. Ekine and C. O. Ezenwaka

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Published

05/12/2024